Heat Pumps: Propane vs. Electric

If you’re considering a heat pump installation to keep your home warm and comfortable and your energy bills down this season, great choice! But when it comes to heat pumps, there are a few different options. While electric heat pumps are common, propane heat pumps are growing in popularity. Below, our experts discuss the pros and cons of an electric heat pump vs. a propane one, leaving you informed and ready to choose the best option for your home.

Heat Pumps vs. Gas Furnaces 

Before debating on an electric heat pump or a propane one, many homeowners often weigh the benefits against traditional systems like gas furnaces. In the discussion of heat pumps vs. gas furnaces, it’s crucial to understand the difference between the two. Heat pumps extract heat from the air or ground, while furnaces burn gas to create heat. Each has its advantages, but when it comes to efficiency, cost-effectiveness, and environmental impact, propane-powered heat pumps emerge as the winner. 

Electric Heat Pumps

Electric heat pumps are the most common type of heat pump among homeowners. They work by transferring heat from the outside air into your home, making them incredibly efficient in mild climates. Plus, they can cool your home in the summer, too.


  • Eco-friendly – Electric heat pumps produce minimal emissions, making them a greener option than traditional furnaces and boilers.
  • Lower operating costs – In milder climates, electric heat pumps can be very cost-effective. 
  • Government incentives – You may qualify for tax credits or rebates for installing an electric heat pump. 


  • Higher upfront cost – Electric heat pumps typically have a higher price tag than propane models.
  • Limited efficiency in cold climates – As temperatures drop, electric heat pump efficiency plummets. In frigid climates, they may require backup heating. 
  • Reliance on the grid –  Power outages can leave you cold if you rely solely on an electric heat pump.

Propane Heat Pumps

Propane heat pumps are less common than electric ones, but that doesn’t mean they shouldn’t be considered. They work similarly to electric models, but instead of using electricity, they run on propane gas to transfer heat. 


  • Superior performance in cold climates – Propane heat pumps maintain impressive efficiency even in cold temperatures, making them ideal for climates with freezing winters.
  • Lower upfront costs – Propane heat pumps are generally less expensive to install than electric models. 
  • Independent of the grid – Even in a power outage, you can still use a propane heat pump.
  • Dual fuel option – Combine a propane heat pump with a gas furnace for a system that excels in all weather conditions. 


  • Higher operating costs in mild climates – Propane can be more expensive than electricity in some areas.
  • Requires propane storage – You’ll need a propane tank installed on your property. 

Propane or Electric? Which Is Right for Your Home?

For most homeowners, especially those in Pennsylvania and in colder climates, propane heat pumps offer a winning combination of affordability, efficiency, and reliability. Their ability to deliver consistent warmth, even when the temperature dips, makes them a wise investment for year-round comfort. 

Ready to Make the Switch? GasTec Is Here to Help

At GasTec, we’re committed to helping our customers find the perfect heating solution for their homes. We offer several propane services, including heat pump installation, so you can achieve efficient and cost-effective heating for your home. Contact us at 888-449-3585 to learn more about how we can help you get started.

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